Health Maintenance

What Is Health

The state in which all the body systems (nervous, muscular, skeletal, circulatory, digestive, lymphatic, hormonal etc.) are working in an optimal and proper way is known as health.

The simple truth is that without enjoying great health, energy and vitality all the riches in the world can never be enjoyed. The sad thing about human nature is that people want to pay attention to wellness only after they realize that they have symptoms of a degenerative disease like diabetes or when they have their first mild heart attack.

Types Of Health

Health can be divided into two major types: physical and mental wellness. Mental wellbeing refers to a person’s psychological feeling and well-being and physical health has many different components such as physical activity, nutrition, diet, and sleep.

Physical Health

Physical wellness is one of the major concerns that has increased rapidly across the world in recent times. Everyone has suddenly been awakened to the cruel reality of life that physical wellness is the most basic need and that you can’t afford to ignore it anymore because the poor physical condition can have a major impact on the mental condition and can cause different type to mental issues.

Mental Health

Mental health is connected to the state of mind if a person isn’t in a state of well-being and he realizes that his own abilities can’t cope with the normal stresses of the life and he feels that he neither can work productively nor can contribute to his community this condition will be called the mental illness.

Many people in the world suffer from mental issues in response to the pressure of society, trauma or abuse, genetic problems, life experiences and social problems they encounter in their life, and these issues result in depression, anxiety, eating disorder, drug abuse, and mental disorder.

Health Maintenance

To maintain good life we need to follow the healthcare knowledge, practice the personal strategies and organized interventions.


Food is the main factor that can affect our health. A balanced diet includes a variety of nutritious food either obtained from plants or animals, this food provides our body nutrients and energy that keeps us going in our life. Nutrients not only help our body to grow they also strengthen bones, muscles, connective tissues, regulate our blood pressure and reduce the risks of heart diseases, cancer and obesity.


Physical exercise is a bodily activity that enhances our physical fitness and helps our body systems to work properly. Exercise is performed for many reasons, including growth and development of body, preventing aging, weight loss, strengthening muscles, staying fit and enjoyment. Physical exercise on regular basis boost the immune system and helps prevent certain diseases such as heart diseases, diabetes, blood pressure and obesity.


Sleep is also an essential component in order to maintain good life we need to have proper sleep at night. It plays a significant role in growth and development of children. Sleep deprivation can increase the risk of some chronic problems, illness, weight loss and slow recovery from diseases. Recommended sleeping hours can vary in people of different ages according to their age.

Recommended Sleep Table

Recommended table of sleeping hours according to age is mentioned below:

Numbers Age and condition Sleep Needs
1 Newborns (0–3 months) 14 to 17 hours
2 Infants (4–11 months) 12 to 15 hours
3 Toddlers (1–2 years) 11 to 14 hours
4 Preschoolers (3–5 years) 10 to 13 hours
5 School-age children (6–13 years) 9 to 11 hours
6 Teenagers (14–17 years) 8 to 10 hours
7 Adults (18–64 years) 7 to 9 hours
8 Older Adults (65 years and over) 7 to 8 hours